Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Bachelor of Nursing for Communities and Corresponding Groups
Question: Discuss about theBachelor of Nursing for Communities and Corresponding Groups. Answer: In broader terms nursing is referred to as a profession of noble virtues concerning the healthcare sector whereby professionally trained and qualified personnel pledges to take care of persons of diverse age groups, ethnicity, socio-economic backgrounds in conjunction with their families, communities and corresponding groups for the sake of facilitating good health and wellbeing. Ensuring promotion of good health alongside abatement of disease and illness is the primary objective of the nursing professionals who resort to relentless initiatives for rendering the most appropriate care for the ill, disabled or dying persons as the situation might have arose in liaison with the established codes of practices (Kearney-Nunnery, 2015). The nurses always try and bring forth the optimal outcomes for the patient and ensure holistic development of them through the avenue of advocacy and nursing education (Yi Keogh, 2016). The various concepts and pertinent foundational theory and documents wi ll be thoroughly discussed in course of the assignment. In matters related to the healthcare industry nursing has been reckoned as a crucial component, in which the designated healthcare professionals strive to achieve excellence in terms of providing the desirable helathcare4 facilities to the distressed patients so that health may be fostered and diseases or illness may be largely kept at bay. The nursing interventions are applicable to wide setting of patients who belong to diverse age and ethnic backgrounds. The definition proposed by International Council for Nurses, nursing encompasses autonomous and collaborative care of persons belonging to diverse age and community within the healthcare set up. The principal concerns of the nursing professionals is streamlined to the facilitation of good health alongside prevention of illness apart from applying care services meant for the ill, disabled an dying people in an effort to harbor positive outcomes. Besides these necessities, the nurses are entitled to offer optimal care services throu gh promotion of a safe health environment conducive for health improvement of the sick individual. Advocacy for healthcare improvement through conducting extensive research and taking active part for chalking out of health policy through careful management of patient and health systems through empowerment by means of education is also carried forward by the nurses (Icn.ch, 2017). The basic requirements for becoming a nurse are only fulfilled when the aspirant enrolls for the nursing education course and successfully completes it. Further, top be eligible for practice in the respective nation, the course needs to be approved and affiliated under suitable regulatory authority. The foundation to basic nursing course and behavioral sciences is offered within the scope of the formally identified curriculum that has to be judiciously completed by the nursing enthusiast. Continuous learning is a defining feature of the nursing profession whereby persistent and relentless initiatives are us urped by the concerned nurses to achieve the optimal outcomes of providing quality care to the patients (Ironside, McNelis Ebright, 2014). Hence, I feel these healthcare professionals unlike any other healthcare personnel, due to their closer association with the patients act as the frontline workforce who serve the healthcare industry and are likely to acquire considerable experiences through varied situations and circumstances. Their contribution to the creation of a healthy environment, fitter lifestyle and healthier communities is indispensable that in turn indicate towards the promotion of sustainable future through approaches that are conducive. The acquisition of the desirable skills and working in conformity with the established guidelines according to me is of focal interest in nursing as it is directly associated with the outcomes of the patient. Explanation of the various phenomena concerning the healthcare domain is usually provided by virtue o several nursing theories that have been postulated by renowned theorist who endeavored to elucidate them in considerable details. The usability of these theories in real life settings have been referred to through empirical findings those talks in favor of their application to generate practices and positive outcomes that are in line with the patient conditions. The postulates of the nursing theories have stood the test of time and therefore are widely used in the context of diverse clinical settings to provide optimal care for the patients. Conventionally, the nursing metaparadigm is shrouded with four integral constituents that encompass person, health, environment and nursing. The common factor out of these components is found out to be that of patient and therefore more emphasis is laid on this. Many theories have come into force till now accompanied by relevant descriptions, def initions and explanations and stated by renowned theorist which paved the way for explaining the nursing practice under a rational and constructive framework (Fitzpatrick McCarthy, 2014). I make it a point not to refute any of the principles and values that circumscribe the vocation of nursing so that maximum comfort and valid outcomes for the patient may be elicited. Distinguished theorists have put forward certain pertinent theories that are capable of explaining the situations as applicable to the patient situation in a satisfactory way (Alligood, 2014). Out of the theories that are in vogue, I specifically rely more on the Orlandos Deliberative Nursing Process Theory as I find it to be befitting to any patient situation and therefore has the potential to drive positive responses. The theory shows significant support for the interaction among the nurse and the patient. Besides these emphasis is laid on proper applicability of the nursing processes through perception validation t hereby accounting for holistic improvement of the patient condition. The theory aims to discuss the interrelated concepts which include patients presenting behavior, professional nursing function, immediate reaction, deliberative nursing process and subsequently emancipation of the present condition. Both in professional as well as administrative discourse this theory is of paramount importance because of its clearly narrated proceedings, conciseness and applicability to diverse range of clinical setting. The mutual associations between the nurses and patients present opportunities for in depth analysis and probe into matter of patient through the prudent application of critical reflection (May, 2013). Therefore, I hold a very high esteem of this theory as in contemporary nursing, critical reflection is recognized as an essential characteristic to pursue clinical assessment of the patient in an appropriate manner. Conformance to the existing legislations and guidelines is a vital aspect of nursing as it ensures the provision of optimal healthcare facilities to the patients allaying the risk of harms that do not account for threat to their lives. Ethical decision making is yet another major focus area for nursing similar to any healthcare set up for safeguarding the interests of the patient by aligning to the specified set of duties and circumstances that are recognized as sufficient for harboring positive outcomes for the patient. The participation and opinions as exerted by the patients, their families and friends is vital to the decision making process as they are considered as integral and interrelated components of the healthcare system. Various situations might pose challenges to the nursing professionals in maintaining the autonomy of the patients without any risk of hazard and nurses must be proficient enough to carry out their assigned duties diligently under such situations. Safekeepi ng of the recorded data and maintaining their confidentiality is another vital feature that needs to be kept in mind so that no breach of conduct occurs from the nurses ends in abiding by the legal and ethical guidelines as presented by the concerned authority (Grace, 2017). Relevant to this context, I would like to acknowledge the code of ethics put forward by the New Zealand Nurse Organisation that might aid in exploring the details of the nursing practice within the given framework. The code include the composition of certain virtues and principles which encompass beneficence, non-maleficence, autonomy, confidentiality, justice, fidelity, veracity, guardianship of the near environment alongside its resources as well as being professional. As far as these principles is concerned, I feel Being Professional is the most significant out of them all as it is intimately associated with achieving desired level of professional competency. The demonstration of suitable actions, commitment and accountability by the nurses is vital to tackle the situation of the distressed patients in a satisfactory manner (Nzno.org.nz, 2017). The Nursing Council of New Zealand has taken measures to present certain well defined domains and competencies that the Registered Nurses and other nursing personnel are expected to follow to maintain the professional competency. In the scope of practice for the Registered Nurse, four domains of competencies have been recommended. Accomplishment of nursing competencies within the set domains is of significance as it ensures the safe practice for rendering healthcare service. The respective domains of 1, 2, 3 and 4 contribute to responsibility in the professional contexts, nursing care management, building of interpersonal relationships alongside improvement off quality and inter-professional healthcare. The needs of the clients are heeded to through assessment and management of service recipient care that relate to domain 2 competencies. Nursing knowledge and evidence-based care are vital to the accomplishment of the competencies related to Domain 2. Classification of Domain 2 into n ine other competencies include planned care for rendering optimal outcomes, conduct of prudent and comprehensive nursing evaluation for patients in diverse settings, safeguarding the interests of the patients by maintaining the confidentiality of data and providing most accurate, transparent and specific information about the potential effects of the interventions applied alongside through outcomes and offering of proposed treatment alternatives. It is also held crucial to maintain appropriate action in times of crisis at personal and professional level. Other competencies entrenched in this domain caters to the assessment of the patients progress alongside maintenance of desired level of service proficiency (Nursingcouncil.org.nz, 2017). Abidance and acting in line with these competencies is thus vital to the maintenance of quality, safe and effective modality of treatment intervention. Few historical incidents that took place in New Zealand have shaped the state of the nursing profession in the country. Treaty of Waitangi is one such happening that may be considered important and relevant in this context. An agreement was made between the representatives of the British Crown and M?ori inhabitants that agreed upon approving both the parties to live together in the domicile of New Zealand governed by a common set of laws. Principles that constitute the treaty has been deeply scrutinized and put under the radar of rigorous investigation to get an insight about its utilization in the context of modern times where considerable development for a sustainable future may be effectively achieved. According to the decision and agreement made in this treaty, strengthening of the vital aspects concerning partnership, participation and protection was ensured that in turn accounted for the coalition between the Government and M?ori inhabitants (Ludbrook, 2014). The principle of p rotection as per my opinion is of greater significance as it entitles the M?ori people to enjoy equal benefits in terms of healthcare facilities at par with other indigenous population of New Zealand thereby allaying the possibility of inequality in healthcare by equal opportunities for healthcare facilities through conduct of Governmental initiatives and programs. Moreover, the cultural practices and beliefs specific to the M?ori community are also safeguarded by means of this principle thereby ensuring facilitation and adoption of culturally safe healthcare facilities (Ministry of Health NZ, 2017). Thus, this principle has got significance in nursing profession as well for the purpose of rendering quality health opportunities to the people belonging to the specific community. Consideration of the various aspects of nursing, I am now able to articulate my opinion and perspective regarding the vocation. As per my opinion, I see nursing as a profession brewing with lots of challenges and opportunities that go hand in hand and offer the dynamism to the domain of practice unlike any other profession may sought. Critical reflection forms the governing component of nursing whereby the nurses apply prudent and pragmatic knowledge so that the patients may undergo speedy recovery without incurring any harm to their health. Evaluation of the patient situation and undertaking suitable interventions in line with the ethical and legal dictums as laid out by concerned authorities is usually achieved by these professionals. Further I believe that working in conformity with the codes of practice, established protocols and exhibition of competence towards the job is of paramount importance in nursing. References Alligood, M. R. (2014).Nursing theorists and their work. Elsevier Health Sciences. Fitzpatrick, J. J., McCarthy, G. (Eds.). (2014).Theories Guiding Nursing Research and Practice: Making Nursing Knowledge Development Explicit. Springer Publishing Company. Grace, P. J. (2017).Nursing ethics and professional responsibility in advanced practice. Jones Bartlett Learning. Icn.ch. (2017).Definition of Nursing.Icn.ch. Retrieved 22 August 2017, from https://www.icn.ch/who-we-are/icn-definition-of-nursing/ Ironside, P. M., McNelis, A. M., Ebright, P. (2014). Clinical education in nursing: Rethinking learning in practice settings.Nursing Outlook,62(3), 185-191. Kearney-Nunnery, R. (2015).Advancing Your Career Concepts in Professional Nursing. FA Davis. Ludbrook, J. (2014). The Principles of the Treaty of Waitangi: Their Nature, Their Limits and Their Future.Browser Download This Paper. May, B. A. (2013). Orlandos Nursing Process Theory in Nursing Practice.Nursing Theory-E-Book: Utilization Application, 285. Ministry of Health NZ. (2017).Treaty of Waitangi principles.Ministry of Health NZ. Retrieved 22 August 2017, from https://www.health.govt.nz/our-work/populations/maori-health/he-korowai-oranga/strengthening-he-korowai-oranga/treaty-waitangi-principles Nursingcouncil.org.nz. (2017).Registered nurse / Scopes of practice / Nurses / Home - Nursing Council of New Zealand.Nursingcouncil.org.nz. Retrieved 22 August 2017, from https://www.nursingcouncil.org.nz/Nurses/Scopes-of-practice/Registered-nurse Nzno.org.nz. (2017).Code of Ethics.Nzno.org.nz. Retrieved 22 August 2017, from https://www.nzno.org.nz/Portals/0/publications/Guideline%20-%20Code%20of%20Ethics%20(2010%202013).pdf Yi, M., Keogh, B. (2016). What motivates men to choose nursing as a profession? A systematic review of qualitative studies.Contemporary nurse,52(1), 95-105.